World Liver Day is celebrated on April 19 every year to spread awareness about the importance of liver health and educate people on how to maintain a healthy liver. Liver diseases are known to develop silently with no visible symptoms until the disease has advanced. Diseases like Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, liver cirrhosis, liver cancer, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are now affecting people more than ever before. According to an estimate by WHO, between 1990 to 2017, there has been a 100% increase in the incidence of new liver cancer cases, two-thirds of which are attributable to viral hepatitis, and 16% due to unknown causes, including NAFLD.
The theme for this year’s World Liver Day is “Be vigilant, do a regular liver check-up, fatty liver can affect anyone.”
World Liver Day was established by the World Health Organisation (WHO) to emphasise the need for liver disease awareness and the investment of resources in liver disease research. It was officially celebrated for the first time on April 19, 2012, and has gained traction ever since. Every year, numerous health organisations, hospitals, and liver treatment centres organise various programs and activities to commemorate World Liver Day.